top of page


So, you've decided to move forward with your instructional design using the ADDIE model. Great choice.

A thorough analysis of what needs to be accomplished and how it is to be done is the first stage of the ADDIE model (Nichols et al., 2024).

If you ever dreamed of becoming a journalist, you'll love this part because it requires finding and asking all the right questions. There are 6 critical questions you need to ask and 4 artifacts you need to uncover.

Starting with Why. Finding out what the instructional problem is and if there is truly a need for instructional material is the most critical step because without a instructional issue, there is no possibility of meeting the goal. A "needs analysis" can also be called a "front-end analysis. It is used to find the human performance need and it answers two key questions:

Why aren't employees performing at the desired level?

What will help employees perform at the desired level?

(Peck, 2024)

If you have found answers these two questions and feel confident your instructional design can meet the need, you can move forward to finding your instructional goals. For both conducting your needs assessment and collecting your instructional goals, your journalist skills will need to come in to play because you will need to be collecting data from your client. Who your client is is an important part of the analysis process. Your client could be a single person or a group of stakeholders. You'll need to make sure you are getting honest and complete information from your client. This is why I said before you'll need to "uncover" your goals and not create, because if the need is there, the challenge is getting a full picture of the desired outcome from your client. And maybe your client is yourself but it can still be difficult to see the forest for the trees when trying to find a solution to a problem.

Next, the What, Where, When, How are all important but should be figured out in conjunction with each other. Determining when a project needs. to be completed with dictate the what and how of the specific tasks that will be completed. The where of the design will influence the what and when because the location of the material and the advancement of the technology on the platform will dictate the ability of the designer to include certain task. Investigating these questions will help you produce a instructional analysis.

The last critical question you need to ask is Who. Conducting a meticulous learner analysis will allow you to create functional and approachable instructional material. If possible, conducting focus groups and interviews with your learners is great. Further research and investigation will also need to be done (Gardner J, 2011).

Our last artifact to put together, is a very detailed learning objective. Creating this gives you and your client an agreed upon outcome that can be assessed.

Once you've asked all these questions and collected all the required information, you can move onto designing! But remember, analyzing doesn't stop here! Throughout each part of your process, you should revising and editing every part of your design!

Nichols, J., Walsh, S., & Yaylaci, M. (2024). ADDIE explained: Analysis. Addie Explained – An Open Educational Resource for the Educational Technology Community.

Peck, D. (2024). What is a Training Needs Assessment.

"The ADDIE Analysis Phase." YouTube, uploaded by J. Clark Gardner, 25 Sept 2011,

bottom of page