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Evaluate

The evaluate phase of your instructional design allows you to become a learner yourself. Based on thoughtful assessments, you will learn if your instruction allowed the learners to obtain knowledge or skills that meet the objectives. It gives you information you can use to make decisions on what changes need to be made to improve your design. You will review the evaluation with your instructors and your clients.

 

What this evaluation looks like is another conversation you'll need to have prior to implementation, when you are designing the course. There are three main types of evaluation; formative, summative, and confirmative (Wilson et al, 2024). 

 

Formative evaluation happens throughout your course. It measures three main things; clarity of your course, the impact it has on your learner, and how feasible is it that your learner will be able to meet the objectives. You also have some options for how you want to set up this type of assessment. You might decide to do a one-on-one assessment. This might look like a conversation or feedback from or quiz that is only produced by the learner and only reviewed by the instructor. Alternatively, you might conduct a small group assessment. There are unique because you can also include attitude questions which can include information about how the student is feeling about their interaction with the material. The last type of formative evaluation is a field trial. This is particularly helpful when the student is learning a skill and can showcase the new skill based on a pre-approved rubric. 

Summative evaluation is conducted at the end of the course and evaluates the learners progress after they have ingested all of the created content. The point of this evaluation is the prove if the instruction held any value for the learner. You can evaluate the reaction to the content in the form of Plus/Delta feedback or with an agree/disagree feedback form. These are best conducted anonymously to give students freedom to give honest feedback without fear of hurting their grade. You can also perform a post test or quiz that summarizes all the material learned. This can be a physical test where a student is asked to perform their new skill or a knowledge test on paper or online. You can also evaluate the students' behavior. If the skill taught is something that will be used in a real life scenario, you can monitor the scenario and see if the student was able to perform the taught skills. Last, you can review results if the course material has a real world component in it that will produce a score or other results. 

Confirmative evaluation is collected after the course has ended and the learner has moved on from the course. It measure how helpful the information was for the student. For example, if you were to teach a soft skill class, you might produce a confirmative evaluation by measure how many of the student obtained jobs the summer after the course was taught. With this type of evaluation, you aren't only tracking if the student obtained the information but if the information made the student's life better. 

 

There's three types of evaluation can be used separately or collaboratively. It is important to review your goals and needs from your analyze phase when deciding and implementing your evaluation type. Remember, once the results are in, it's time to use the information to go back to the drawing board and revise our design!  

Wilson, Matthew, Sahay, Shilpa, Calhoun, Cheryl. (2024). ADDIE explained: Evaluation. Addie Explained – An Open Educational Resource for the Educational Technology Community. https://oercommons.org/courses/addie-explained-an-open-educational-resource-for-the-educational-technology-community/view

"The ADDIE Evaluation Phase." YouTube, uploaded by J. Clark Gardner, 25 Sept 2011, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JZdv5lrJs4U

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